Fort-William

   FORT-WILLIAM, a royal fortress and a village, in the parish of Kilmalie, county of Inverness, 30 miles (S. W.) from Fort-Augustus, and 135 (N. W. by W.) from Edinburgh; containing 1091 inhabitants. This place, called also Maryburgh, in honour of the queen of William III., in whose reign the present fortress was erected, and Gordonsburgh, from the family of Gordon, on whose lands the village is built, is situated at the eastern extremity of Loch Eil, near the base of BenNevis, and in the heart of a district abounding with wildly romantic scenery. The fortress stands on the site of an intrenchment thrown up by General Monk, during the usurpation of Cromwell, and consists of an irregular triangle, defended by a glacis and fosse, with two bastions, mounted with fifteen twelve-pounders; it has a bomb-proof magazine, and barracks for the reception of two field-officers, two captains, four subalterns, and a garrison of ninety-six non-commissioned officers and privates. It was besieged by a party of the rebels, under the command of Captain Scott, in 1746; but, after a resolute defence of five weeks, during which six men were killed and twenty-four wounded, the assailants raised the siege, and dispersed. A considerable portion of the wall was undermined some few years since, by the impetuous current of the river Nevis, descending from Ben-Nevis; and the structure has since that time been gradually going into decay. The village consists of a long narrow street, extending along the margin of the lake, and intersected by various smaller streets; the inhabitants are chiefly supported by the herring-fishery, for which the harbour affords considerable facilities, and a quay has recently been constructed, partly at the expense of the fishery commissioners, and partly by private contributions. A public library, which has a tolerable collection of standard works, is supported by subscription; and there are some good inns: one of the sheriffs-substitute, whose jurisdiction extends over part of Argyllshire, resides in the village, and there are some families of respectability within the fortress. Fairs are held for cattle and horses on the second Wednesdays in June and November, and a fair for sheep and wool on the Tuesday after the second Thursday in July, all of which are well attended. A church was recently erected, to replace a former which had been pronounced unsafe; it is a neat structure containing 350 sittings, and the minister has a stipend of £100, of which £60 are paid by the Committee of the Royal Bounty, £20 by the congregation, and the remainder by the heritors. There are a place of worship for members of the Free Church, an episcopal, and a Roman Catholic chapel; and the parochial school is situated in the village.

A Topographical dictionary of Scotland. . 1856.

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  • Fort William — ist oder war der Name folgender Orte und Festungen: in Deutschland Fort William (Bremerhaven), ehemaliges Fort, von 1830 bis 1834 vom Königreich Hannover an die Mündung der Geeste gebaut und 1869 abgebrochen; benannt nach König William IV. von… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fort William — 〚after William McGillivray, a director of the North West Co.〛 see THUNDER BAY * * * a town in the southern Highlands of Scotland. It takes its name from a fort built in 1655 and destroyed in 1866. It is now an important tourist centre. * * *… …   Universalium

  • Fort William — [Fort William] a town in the southern ↑Highlands of Scotland. It takes its name from a ↑fort built in 1655 and destroyed in 1866. It is now an important tourist centre …   Useful english dictionary

  • Fort William — Fort William, 1) ehemaliges Fort in Inverneßshire (Schottland), am Westfuß des Ben Nevis, um 1650 von General Monk als Schlüssel zu den schottischen Hochlanden gebaut, 1892 von der Westhochland Eisenbahngesellschaft angekauft, mit (1901) 2087… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fort William — [after William McGillivray, a director of the North West Co.] see THUNDER BAY …   English World dictionary

  • Fort William F.C. — Football club infobox clubname = Fort William fullname = Fort William Football Club [http://www.fortwilliamfc.co.uk] nickname = The Fort founded = 1984 ground = Claggan Park capacity = 4000 (200 Seated) chairman = James Campbell manager = Calum… …   Wikipedia

  • Fort William — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Fort et William. Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Fort William peut faire référence à : Fort William, une ville écossaise, Fort William, une ville… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Fort William — Original name in latin Fort William Name in other language An Gearasdan, FWM, Fort Vil jam, Fort William, Fort William i Skottland, Fort Uil jam, Fort Vil jam, Форт Вильям, Форт Вільям, Форт Уильям State code GB Continent/City Europe/London… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Fort William — Fort Wil′liam n. geg See under Thunder Bay …   From formal English to slang

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